STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM BAGI SISWA TUNAGRAHITA DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA LUAR BIASA NEGERI PEMBINA TINGKAT PROVINSI SUMATERA UTARA

Fitty Usda Etika Panjaitan

Abstract


ABSTRAK: The purpose of the research is to determine the procedure, strategies, methods, evaluations,
media and the obstacles of application of the Islamic religious teaching for the special education
need students, particularly the retarded ones, at the state school of the special education need
students namely SMPLB PTP Sumatera Utara. Their inability to proceed the lesson, resulting from
their below average intellectual capacity, has become an attention. Therefore, they need to have a
different approach compared with the normal ones.
The research implements a qualitative descriptive analysis. The resources of the research are the
teacher of the Islamic subject, the administration staff and the parents while the data collection
technique is done through observation, interview and the document review. Using Miles’ and Huberman’s
qualitative data analysis interactive model, the data analysis technique conducted simultaneously
with the process of data collection. It covers the reduction of the data, the display of the data and the
drawing of the conclusion or verification.
The findings of the study or research are six: (1) The procedure of the Islamic religion teaching ( PAI) is
done by materialpreparation, presentation of prayer material, connecting material with daily life, summarizing
the material, and applying prayer in the daily life of the students. (2) Learning strategy of PAI is expository
and contextual strategy on cognitive aspect, VCT strategy (value clarification technique) on affective
aspect, and direct learning strategy on psychomotor aspect. (3) PAI learning method is lecture method,
question-answer method, method of demonstration and exemplary method. (4) The media of PAI
learning is the praying equipment, namely sarong (sheath), the veil, and prayer mats. (5) The evaluation
of PAI learning is by test and non-test techniques. The test technique is written test and oral test. While
nontes technique that is with observation. (6) The learning obstacles of PAI are the limitations of
students in remembering the lesson, the limited ability of students’ language, the lack of discipline of
students in the school entrance, and the absence of companion teachers.
Kata kunci: Strategi pembelajaran, Pendidikan Agama Islam, siswa tunagrahita.

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