ANALISIS SPIRITUAL VALUE, STRES KERJA PEKERJA MUSLIM SEKTOR FORMAL KOTA MEDAN

Dr. Tri Niswati Utami, M.Kes, Nuraini Nuraini

Abstract


ABSTRACT

 

Formal workers (white collar) are professional jobs that require certain training and skills. Formal sector workers government agencies and non-government such as: corporate, institutional and industrial demand time and home work, good performance, demands adequate skills and productivity work well too. This condition causes the pressure by the workers and lead to job stress. Research method: using a two stage approach: qualitative and quantitative. Quantitative design uses one group pretest posttest study. Bivariate data analysis paired t test and PLS (Partial Least Square). Results and Discussion: before training, the majority of study subjects spiritual value less category as many as 16 people (94.1%), after increasing the value of spiritual spiritual training, the majority of both categories as many as 10 people (58.8%). Statistical test results Smart PLS found 1 indicator invalid ie, patient indicator (0420). Valid indicators, namely: thanks to God (.842), sincere (0.926) and happy (0.605). Conclution: spiritual indicator value: thanks to God, cincere and happy. Spiritual training improve the spiritual value.

 Keyword: spiritual value, work stress, syukur pada Allah, cincere, happy


Full Text:

PDF

References


Daftar Pustaka

Arif, M. (2011). Kesalahan Kesalahan Sholat Tahajud yang Membuat Tidak Bahagia dan Mulia. Jogjakarta: Diva Press.

Batuqayan, S. M., & Mai, M. M. (2012). Stress, stain and coping mechanisms: An experimental study of fresh college students. Academy of Educational Leadership Journal, 19-29.

Borg, J. (2014). Rahasia Kekuatan Pikiran. Jakarta: PT Serambi Ilmu Semesta.

Bormann, J., Glifford, A., Shively, M., Smith, T., Redwine, L., & Kelly, e. (2006). Effects of spiritual mantram repetition on HIV outcome: A randomized trial. Journal of Medicine Behavior, 359-376.

Bowel, R. (2004). The seven steps of spiritual intellegence: the practical persuit of purpose, success and happiness. USA: Nicholas Brealey Publishing.

Brien, O., Irvine, D., & Peereboom, E. (2003). Measuring Nursing Workload; understanding the variability. Nursing economic, 171-179.

Brough, P., O'Driscoll, M., Kalliath, T., Cooper, C., & Poelmans, S. (2009). Workplace psychological health: Current research and practice. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Byrns, G., Jin, G., Mallory, C., Reeder, G. D., & Harris, J. (2005). Low Back Pain Among RNs. Proffesional Safety, 41-49.

Cooper, C., Dewe, P., & O'Driscoll, M. (2001). Organisational stress: a review and critique of theory, research and applications. Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage Publications.

Dupuis, M. (2003). Spiritual influences on individual optimal performance at work. United States: ProQuest Dissertation and Theses.

Easwaran, E. (2008). The Mantram handbook. Tomales: CA Nilgiri Press.

Ependi, A. (2008). Konsep Zikir Menurut Dr. Quraish Shihab dalam Tafsir Al Misbah, Skripsi. Jakarta: Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah .

Erickson, K., Drevets, W., & Schulkin, J. (2003). Glucocorticoid regulation of diverse cognitif functions in normal and pathological emotional states. Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Reviews, 233-246.

Farivar, F., & Esmeelinezhad, O. (2012). the effects of informal groups on organizational performance: a case study of Iran. Interdisciplinary journal contemporary researc in Business, 364-374.

Frandsen, B. (2010). Burnout or Compassion Fatigue. ABI/Inform Complete, 50-62.

Galagher, A. (2011). Moral distress and moral courage in everyday nursing practice. The online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 1-8.

Gibson, J., Ivancevich, J. M., & Jr, J. H. (1985). Organisasi: Perilaku, Struktur, Proses. (Terjemahan: Agus Dharma). Jakarta: Erlangga.

Giles, G. E., Mahoney, C. R., Brunye, T. T., & H. A. (2014). Stress Effects on Mood, HPA Axis, and autonomic respons: Comparison of Three Psikososial Stres Paradigm. Plos One, 1 - 19.

Glanz, K., Lewis, F. M., & Rimer, B. K. (1997). Health Behavior and Health Education. San Francisco California: Jossey-Bass Inc.,.

Gobel, F. A. (2015). Pengaruh Pencerahan Qalbu Padang Lampe terhadap Persepsi Stres, Strategi Koping dan Jumlah CD4 Pengidap HIV/AIDS. "Disertasi". Surabaya: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga.

Gobel, R. S., Rattu, J. A., & Akili, R. H. (2013). Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Stres Kerja pada Perawat di Ruang ICU dan UGD RSUD Datoe Binangkang Kabupaten Bolaang Mongondow. Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Sam Ratulangi, 1-7.

Griffith, L. E., Shanon, H. S., Wells, R. P., Walter, S. D., Cole, D. C., Cote, P., . . . Longios, L. E. (2012). Individual participant data meta-analysis of mechanical workplace risk factors and low back pain . American journal of public health, 309-318.

Hawari, D. (2010). Al Qur'an Ilmu Kedokteran Jiwa dan Kesehatan Jiwa. Jakarta: Balai Penerbit Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia.

Health, N. I. (2001). Stress at Work. USA: NIOSH.

Heaton, D. P., Wilks, J. S., & Travis, F. (2004). Constructs, Methods and Measures for Researching Spirituality in Organizations. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 62-76.

Hefni, H. (2008). The 7 Islamic Daily Habits. Jakarta: AKADI.

Herbert, B., & Zlipper, M. K. (2000). Bebas Stres dalam 10 menit: Metode Respons Relaksasi. Bandung: Kaifa.

Hokardi, C. A. (2013). Pengaruh Stress Akademik terhadap Kondisi Jaringan Periodontal dan Kadar Hormon Kortisol dalam Cairan Krevikular Ginggiva. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia.

Idaiani, S., & Suhardi. (2005). Validitas dan Reliabilitas General Health Quesionnare Untuk Skrining Distres Psikologik dan Disfungsi Sosial. Puslitbang Bimedis dan Farmasi, 161- 173.

Ilyas, Y. (2004). Perencanaan SDM Rumah Sakit; Teori Metoda dan Formula, Pusat Kajian Ekonomi Kesehatan. Jakarta: FKM UI Depok.

Irham, M. I. (2012). Membangun Akhlah Bangsa melalui Akhlak Tasawuf. Jakarta: Pustaka Al-Ihsan.

Irham, M. I. (2013). Rasa Ruhani Spiritualitas di Abad Modern. Bandung: Ciptapusaka Media Perintis.

Janakiraman, R., Parish, J. T., & Berry, L. L. (2011). The effect of the work and physical environment oh hospital nurses' perceptions and attitudes: service quality and commitment. The quality management journal, 36-49.

Jane, H. (2004). Addressing increasing patient acuity and nursing workload. Nursing management, 20-25.

Jehangir, M., Kareen, N., Khan, A., & Jan, M. T. (2011). Effects of job stress on job performance and job satisfaction. Interdisciplinary journal of contemporary research in business , 453-465.

Johnson, M., Piderman, K., Sloan, J., Huschka, M., Atherton, P., & Hanson, J. e. (2007). Mesuring spiritual quality of life in patients with cancer. Journal of Supportive Oncology, 437-442.

Kartono, K. (1994). Psikologi Sosial untuk Manajemen, Perusahaan dan Industri. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Koehoorn, M., Cole, D. C., Hertzman, C., & Lee, H. (2006). Health care use associated with work-related musculoskeletal disorders among hospital workers. Occupational rehabilitation, 411-424.

Kozier, B. (2004). Fundamental of Nursing: Concepts, Process and Practice. New York: Pearson Education, Inc.

Kuntoro. (2011). Dasar Filosofi Metodologi Penelitian. Surabaya: Pustaka Melati.

Kuntoro. (2011). Metode Statistik. Surabaya: Pustaka Melati.

LAN. (2009). Kecerdasan Spiritual. Jakarta: LAN Republik Indonesia.

Leka, S., & Houdmont, J. (2010). Occupational Health Psychology. USA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Lestari, A. M. (2013, Juli 6). Nilai Spiritual Merupakan Kebutuhan Fundamental. Retrieved from http://ayumegadarmalestari.blogsport.co.id/2013/07/

Levin, S., France, D. J., Jones, R. H., Chen, K. Y., Rickard, D., Makowski, R., & Aronsky, D. (2006). Tracking workload in the emergency department. Human factors, 526-539.

Lewis, M. B., & Eric, J. P. (2013). Spirituality as coping mechanism for chronic illness. Clinical Scholars Review, 53-59.

Mastorakos, G., & Pavlatov, M. (2005). Exercise as a Stress Model and Interplay Between The Hypothalamus Pituitary Adrenal and The Hypothalamus Pituitary Thyroid Axes. Hormon Metabolism Research, 577 - 584.

Mehta, R. K., & Agnew, M. J. (2012). Influence of mental workload on muscle endurance, fatigue and recovery during intermittent static work. Europe journal Appl Physiology, 2891-2902.

Miller, G., Chen, E., & Zhou, E. (2007). If it goes up, must it come down: Chronic stress and the hypothalamic npituitary-adrenocortial axis in humans. Psychological bulletin, 25-45.

Mir, R. A. (2013). Religion as a coping mechanism for global labor: lessons from South Asian Shia Muslim diaspora in the USA. Equity, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, 325-337.

Mohandes, E. (2008). Neurobiology of Spirituality. Mental Health, Spirituality, Mind, 63-80.

Moos, R. (2002). Invited address: The mystery of human context and coping: An unraveling of clues. American Journal of Community Psychology, 67-88.

Muchtar, S. D., Muis, M., & Rahim, M. R. (2013). Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Stres Kerja pada Pedagang Tradisional Pasar Daya Kota Makassar Tahun 2013. Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, 1-11.

Mustofa. (2008). Hubungan antara Persepsi Pasien terhadap Dimensi Mutu Pelayanan Keperawatan dengan Kepuasan Pasien . Jurnal Keperawatan, 33-37.

Mustofa, E. (2012). Efek Stres Fisik dan Psikologis pada Kortisol, PGE, BAFF, IL-21, SIgA dan Candidiasis Vulvaginal. Jurnal Kedokteran Brawijaya, 21 - 27.

Nelson, R., & Jones. (2011). Teori dan Praktik Konseling dan Terapi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Nelsons, D., Quick, J., & Simmons, B. (2001). Handbook of health psychology. Marwah: NJ: Elbaum.

Nevid, J. S., Rathus, S. A., & Greene, B. (2003). Psikologi Abnormal. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.

NIOSH. (1988). Proposed National Strategy for Prevention of Leading Work Related Desease and Injuries; Psychological Disorders. USA: Department of Health and Human Service Public Health Service Centers for Desease Control.

NIOSH. (2002). Stress at Work. USA: National Institute of Occupational Safety Health.

Noor, J. (2012). Metodologi Penelitian. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Nuraini. (2004). Efektivitas Program Intervensi Pengendalian Stres Kerja Perawat di ICU Rumah Sakit Haji Medan. Tesis. Medan: Program Pasca Sarjana Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Nurmianto, E. (1996). Ergonomi; Konsep Dasar dan Aplikasinya. Surabaya: Prima Printing.

Padget, & Glaser. (2003). How to Stress. Influences The Immune Response. Trends in Immunology, 444-448.

Padilha, K. G., Sousa, R. M., Kimura, M., Miyadahira, A. M., Cruz, D. A., Vattimo, M. d., . . . Eliana. (2007). Nursing workload in intensive care units; a study using the therapeutic intervention scoring system - 28 (TISS-28). Intensive and critical care nursing, 162-169.

Pasiak, T. (2004). Revolusi IQ/EQ/SQ antara neurosains dan Al-Qur'an. Bandung: PT Mizan Pustaka.

Pinel, J. P. (2009). Biopsikologi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Prawitasari, J. E. (2001). Psikoterapi: Pendekatan Konvensional dan Kontemporer. Jogjakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Quick, J., & Quick, J. (1984). Organizational stress and preventive management. New York: Mc Graw-Hill.

Quick, J., Quick, J., Nelson, D., & Hurrell, J. (1997). Preventive stress management in organizations. Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

Radeluscu, A. (2011). Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) - A New Interdisciplinary Science. Economics, Management and Financial Markerts, 773 - 777.

Reme, S. E., Dennerlein, J. T., Hashimoto, D., & Sorensen, G. (2012). Musculoskeletal pain and phychological destress in hospital patient care workers. Journal occupational rehabilitation, 503-510.

Revalicha, N. S., & Sami'an. (2013). Perbedaan stres kerja ditinjau dari shift kerja pada perawat di RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya. Jurnal Psikologi Industri dan Organisasi, 16-24.

Rinaldy, E. (2013). Hubungan Sholat Tahajud dengan Perubahan Kadar Kortisol dan Tingkat Stres pada Penderita HIV AIDS. Jakarta: Universitas Islam Negeri Jakarta.

Riposo, J., & Alkire, B. (2008). An Evaluation of Workload and Workforce Management Practice. USA: National Defense Research Institute.

Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2012). Organizational Behavior. New York: Prentice Hall.

Rodahl, K. (1989). The Physiology of Work. London New York Philadephia: Taylor and Francis Inc.,.

Rusnani, S. (2013). Persepsi Masyarakat tentang Pelayanan Publik di Kantor Kelurahan Handil Bakti Kecamatan Palaran Kota Samarinda. Administrasi Negara, 365-379.

Safaria, T. (2011). Peran religious coping sebagai moderator dari job insecurity terhadap stres kerja pada staf akademik. Humanitas, 155-170.

Sanders, M. (1987). Human Factors in Engineering and Design. New York: Mc Graw Hill Book Company.

Santoso, G. (2004). Manajemen Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja. Jakarta: Prestasi Pustaka Publisher.

Sari, R. K. (2015). Pengaruh Intervensi Spiritual dan Emosional (SPIEM) terhadap Perubahan Psikoneuroimunologis. Disertasi. Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro.

Sartika, D., Masyitha, M., & Rahim, M. (2013). Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Stres pada Pedagang Tradisional Pasar Daya Kota Makassar Tahunh 2013. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat.

Schulkin, J., Morgan, M., & Rosen, J. (2005). A Neuroendocrine mechanism for sustaining fear. Trends in Neurosciences, 629-635.

Schultz, C., & Koening, K. (2009). Disaster Medicine: Comprehensive Principles and Practices. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Segerstrom, S., & Miller, G. (2004). Psychological stress and the human immunie system: A meta-analytic study of 30 years of inquiry. Psychological Bulletin, 601-630.

Selye, H. (1978). Stress in Health and Disease. London: Butterworth.

Sentanu, E. (2009). Quantum Ikhlas; Teknologi Aktivasi Kekuatan Hati. Jakarta: PT Elek Media Komputindo.

Setyawati, L. (2010). Selintas tentang Kelelahan Kerja. Yogyakarta: Amara Books.

Sharma, R., Khera, S., Mohan, A., Gupta, N., & Ray, B. (2006). Assessment of Computer Games as a Psychological Stressor. Indian Journal of Physiological and Pharmacology, 367 - 374.

Shihab, Q. (2006). Wawasan Al Qur'an tentang Zikir dan Doa. Jakarta: Lentera Hati.

Shirley, T. K., & Norazliah. (2012). Surgical Patients, Satisfactions of Nursing Care other Orthopedic Words in Hospital University Sains Malaysia. Health and the Environment Journal.

Simmon, B., Nelson, D., & Neal, I. (2001). A compassion of the positive and negative work attitudes of home healthcare and hospital nurses. Health care management review, 63-74.

Simmons, B. (2000). Eustress at work: Accentuating the positive. Oklahoma State University: Unpublisher doctoral dissertation.

Simmons, B., & Nelson, D. (2001). Eustress at work: The relationship between hope and health in hospital nurses. Health care management riview, 7-18.

Smith, T. (2006). Personality as risk and resilience in physical health. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 227-231.

Soleh. (2006). Terapi Sholat Tahajud menyembuhkan berbagai penyakit. Jakarta: Hikmah.

Stier, L. O. (2008). Sense of humor, stress and coping and outcomes in children's lives. Proquest Dissertations and theses, 1-15.

Sugiharto. (2012). Fisioneurohormonal pada Stresor Olahraga. Jurnal Sains Psikologi, 54-66.

Sukowati, B. (2014). Penerapan Nilai Akhlak Islami pada Kegiatan Pelayanan Kesehatan oleh Tenaga Media terhadap Pasien Rawat Jalan dan Pasien Rawat Inap di RST dr Asmir Salatiga, Tesis. Solo: Pasca Sarjana, Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri Salatiga.

Suma'mur, P. (1994). Hyperkes Keselamatan Kerja dan Ergonomi. Jakarta: Darma Bakti Muara Agung.

Suparno. (2007). Pengaruh Stiressor Psikologik Terhadap Dsitribus Transporter Serotinin (SERT) dan Indeks Apoptosis Hipokampus yang Dimediasi IL-6 dan Kortisol. Jurnal kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya, 107 - 115.

Supriyanto, S., & Djohan, A. (2011). Metodologi Riset Bisnis dan Kesehatan . Kalimantan: PT Grafika Wangi .

Susihar. (2011). Pengaruh Pelatihan Perilaku Caring terhadap Motivasi Perawat dan Kepuasan Pasien di Instalasi Rawat Inap RS Royal Proggress Jakarta, Tesis. Jakarta: Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Indonesia.

Tanaka, M., Fukuda, S., Mizuno, K., Kuratsune, H., & Watanabe, Y. (2009). Stress and coping styles are associated with severe fatique in medical students. Behavioral Medicine, 87-92.

Tebba, S. (2004). Meditasi Sufistik. Bandung: Pustaka Hidayah Bandung.

Tellez, M. (2012). Work satisfaction among California registered nurses: a longitudinal comparative analysis. Nursing economic, 73-81.

Thornton, M., & Andersen, L. (2006). Psychoneuroimunology Examined; The Role of Subjective Stress, Stress and Immunity Cancer Projects. Cell Science Riviews, 1742 - 1780.

Tombaugh, J. R., Mayfield, C., & Durand, R. (2011). Spiritual expression at work: exploring the active voice of workplace spirituality. International journal of organizational analysis, 146-170.

Toni, A. F., & Nonino, F. (2010). The key roles in the informal organization: a network analysis perspective. the learning organization, 86-103.

Torgen, M., & Swerup, C. (2002). Individual factor and physical workload in relation to sensory threshold in a midle-aged general population sample. Journal Physiology, 418-427.

Utami, T. N. (2016). Peran Pelatihan Spiritual Zikir terhadap Perubahan Persepsi dan Perbaikan Distress Perawat di Rumah Sakit Umum Kota Medan. DIsertasi. Surabaya: Pasca Sarjana FKM Universitas Airlangga.

Watson, W., & Michaelsen. (2004). Member Competence, Group Interaction and Group Decision Making. New York: Prentice Hall.

Wong, P. T., & Wong, L. C. (2006). Handbook of multicultural perspectives in stress and coping. New York USA: Springer.

Yong, J., Kim, J., Park, J., Seo, I., & Swinton, J. (2011). Effects of a spirituality training progam on the spirituali and psychosocial well-being of hospital middle manager nurse in Korea. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 280-288.

Zohar, D., & Marshall, I. (2004). Spiritual Capital: wealth we can live by . USA: Berrett-Koehler Publisher.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30829/jumantik.v1i1.1013

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.