BIAS GENDER DALAM BUKU PELAJARAN SKI TINGKAT MADRASAH IBTIDAIYAH

Abdul Gani Jamora Nasution

Abstract


Abstrak: Artikel ini mengkaji persoalan bias gender dalam buku pelajaran Sejarah Kebudayaan Islam di tingkat Madrasah Ibtidaiyah. Secara khusus, akan diteliti sejauhmana kemungkinan bias gender dalam pelajaran SKI untuk domain materi, gambar, dan rubrik. Data diperoleh melalui telaah dokumen, yaitu menganalisa buku pelajaran SKI yang biasa digunakan guru pada tingkat Madrasah Ibtidaiyah. Kajian ini menemukan bahwa buku pelajaran SKI masih bias gender. Sebab itu, perlu dilakukan penulisan buku pelajaran untuk anak madrasah dengan memerhatikan asas kesetaraan gender, agar persoalan bias gender tidak dilestarikan oleh lembaga-lembaga pendidikan Islam di Indonesia. Temuan kajian ini dapat menjadi dasar bagi pemerintah, khususnya Kementerian Agama, dalam menentukan kebijakan tentang buku-buku pelajaran untuk madrasah yang seharusnya mengedepankan kesetaraan gender.

Abstract: Gender Bias in History of Islamic Civilization (SKI) Course Materials at Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Level. This article examines the issue of gender bias in Islamic civilization history textbooks at Madrasah Ibtidaiyah level. Specifically, this article examines the extent to which gender bias is possible in SKI lessons for material sphere, images and rubrics. The data obtained through the study of the document, by analyzing textbooks and course materials used by teachers at the level of Madrasah Ibtidaiyah. This study found that SKI textbooks are still gender biased. Therefore, it is necessary to write textbooks for madrasah students by taking into account the principle of gender equality, so that gender bias issues are not preserved by Islamic educational institutions in Indonesia. The findings of this study may serve as a basis for the government, in particular the Ministry of Religious Affairs, in determining policies on textbooks for madrasah that should promote gender equality.
 
Kata Kunci: bias gender, madrasah, Sejarah Kebudayaan Islam

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed, Leila. Women and Gender in Islam & Historical Roots of a Modern Debate. New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 1992.

Arkoun, Mohammed. Rethinking Islam: Common Question, Uncommon Answer. Oxford: Westview Press, 1994.

Bennett, Linda Rae. “Zina and the Enigma of Sex Education for Indonesian Muslim Youth,” dalam Sex Education, Vol. 7, Issue 4, 2007.

Bryan, et al. "Sex-Role Learning: A Test of Selective Attention Hypothesis”, dalam Child Development, Vol. 49, Maret 1978.

Engineer, Asghar Ali. Pembebasan Perempuan, terj. Agus Nuryatno. Yogyakarta: 2007.

Jerome, Kagan & Cynthia Lang. Psychology and Education: An Introduction. New York: Harcourt Brace Javanovich, Inc, 1984.

Kandiyoti, Deniz. “Islam and Patriarchy: A Comparative Perspective,” dalam Nikki R. Keddie & Beth Baron (ed.). Women in Middle Eastern History: Shifting Boundaries in Sex and Gender. New Haven & London: Yale University, 1991.

Kull, Ann. “At the Forefront of a Post-Patriachal Islamic Education: Female Teachers in Indonesia,” dalam Journal of International Women’s Studies, Vol. 11, Isuue 1, 2009.

Lau, Annie. “Gender, Power and Relationships Ethno-Cultural And Religious Issues,” dalam Charlotte Burck Speed & And Bebe (ed.). Gender, Power, And Relationship. London; Routledge, 1995.

Muawanah, Elfi. Pendidikan Gender dan Hak Asasi Manusia. Yogyakarta: Teras, 2009.

Murniati. “Perempuan Indonesia dan Pola Ketergantungan,” dalam Budi Susanto, et al. (ed.). Citra Wanita dan Kekuasaannya, Seri Siasat Kebudayaan. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1992.

Muthali’in, Achmad. Bias Jender dalam Pendidikan. Surakarta: Muhammadiyah University Press, 2001.

Nasution, Khoiruddin. Pengantar Studi Islam. Yogyakarta: Academia-Tazzafa, 2009.

Nuryatno, M. Agus. “Urgensi Filsafat Pendidikan dalam Pusaran Pragmatisme,” dalam Mukhrizal Arif, et al., Pendidikan Pos-Modernisme: Telaah Pemikiran Tokoh Pendidikan. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruz Media, 2014.

Oey-Gardiner, Mayling. “Gender Differences in Schooling in Indonesia,” dalam Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Vol. 27, Issue 1, 1991.

Rodiah, et al., Studi Al-Quran: Metode & Konsep. Yogyakarta: Elsaq Press, 2010.

Schimmel, Annemarie. My Soul is a Woman: The Feminine in Islam. New York: Continum, 1997.

Shihab, M. Quraish. “Konsep Wanita menurut Qur’an, Hadis, dan Sumber-sumber Ajaran Islam,” dalam Leis M. Marcoes-Natsir & Johan Meuleman (ed.). Wanita Islam Indonesia dalam Kajian tekstual dan Kontekstual: Kumpulan Makalah Seminar. Jakarta: INIS, 1993.

Srimulyani, Eka. “Muslim Women and Education in Indonesia: The pondok pesantren experience,” dalam Asia Pacific Journal of Education, Vol. 27, Issue 1, 2007.

Suryadi, Ace & Cecep Idris. Kesetaraan Jender dalam Bidang Pendidikan. Bandung: Genesindo, 2004.

Syaikh, Sa’diyya. “Transforming Feminisms: Islam, Women and Gender Justice,” dalam Omid Shafi. Progressive Muslim on Justice, Gender and Pluralism. Oxford: One World, 2005.

Umar, Nasruddin. “Metode Penelitian Bersfektif Gender tentang Literatur Islam,” dalam Siti Ruhaini Dzuhaytin, et al. Rekonstruksi Metodologis Wacana Kesetaraan Gender dalam Islam. Yogyakarta: PSW UIN Sunan Kalijaga dan Pustaka Pelajar, 2002.

Wadud, Amina. Qur’an and Woman: Rereading the Sacred Text from a Woman’s Perspective. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Wijaya, Aksin. Menggugat Otentisitas Wahyu Tuhan: Kritik Atas Nalar Tafsir Gender. Yogyakarta: Safiria Insania Press, 2004.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30821/jcims.v1i2.1724

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

Indexed by: